Werkstatt-Stadt
 

Change of use for a former barracks site

Neu-Ulm „Wiley“

(Bavaria)

Context

Image: Blick auf das ehemalige Kasernenareal mit Mannschaftsgebäuden

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm

In combination with the release of further former military areas in Neu-Ulm, the recycling of this former barracks site assumes a high significance for the entire town. The conversion was therefore initially approached from a comprehensive perspective as part of a "structural concept for US-sites” which applied to the whole town and was concretized on a site level via outline plans.

A special commission was established by the council for the former US sites in order to focus all the planning and building law issues of all conversion measures, as well as the property-related and financial competences.

Between 1991 and 1995, the project was funded and evaluated within the research field “Conversion – Urban Planning Opportunities via Re-Dedication of Military Facilities" (Konversion – Städtebauliche Möglichkeiten durch Umwidmung militärischer Einrichtungen) which is a part of the federal research programme “Experimental Housing and Urban Development” (Experimenteller Wohnungs- und Städtebau.

 

Project description

Image: Mehrfamilienhausbebauung

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm – FB 3 / Stadtplanung

The site of the former Wiley barracks is situated in a central location near the town centre of Neu-Ulm (pop. 58.500), features favourable transport connections and is subdivided into the three sections Wiley south, centre and north.

An entire new urban district linking residential, employment and leisure functions in a trend-setting manner is being created here. The conception was based on the assumption that the existing building stock and infrastructure were to be recycled wherever this was possible from an economic and structural perspective. The former barracks area’s three subsections are characterized by different functional emphases.

In Wiley-North, the former accommodation buildings were refurbished and a residential facility for senior citizens, various service amenities and a technology and business start-up centre were accommodated. The expansion of the former officer cinema into a multiplex and the construction of a multi-storey car park with 300 parking spaces have been completed. The construction of a technological high school is scheduled for 2006.

Wiley-Centre predominantly features leisure, sports and cultural uses which are already very well frequented. The conversion in large parts relied on recycling former military facilities. As part of the 2008 state horticultural show, a generous district park is to be created in Wiley-Centre.

In Wiley-South, the emphasis is on housing. Following completion of the first of three construction stages, 600 residents live here at the time of writing.

The forms of housing created are generally very varied. They include semi-detached, terraced and town houses, as well as lofts and modern apartments in multi-family dwellings.

The target groups are just as varied: there are specific apartments available for singles, families and older individuals, as are favourably-priced construction, ecological construction and exclusive objects. The aim in the Wiley-South section is the creation of a network of small-scale employment and residential units. A unique marketing aspect is the district’s focus on technology and science. Particularly fast data connections can be established via a glass fibre grid or broadband cable, respectively, which also applies to the residential plots. A recycling concept was elaborated early on as a management measure for the demolition and razing activities. The consequence was that virtually all the material created by demolishing reinforced areas was recycled and reapplied within the area (mostly in road construction and incorporated in the green space). In order to protect good building stock from dereliction, the council decided to populate the area with interim users.

The conversion was initially approached from a comprehensive perspective as part of a "structural concept for US-sites” which applied to the whole town and was concretized on a district level via outline plans. The outline plan was passed by the council and has proven itself to be very stable in its basic conception. Key projects have turned out to provide important impulses. In Neu-Ulm these particularly included the system buildings and barrier-free apartments of the housing society “Neu-Ulmer Wohnungsbaugesellschaft”, and the passive house estate with eight units. The council has opened an information office on the site where plans and concepts can be studied and information is available. This helps ensure that investors approach the council of their own accord.

The commercial areas are marketed jointly with the neighbouring city of Ulm via the urban development association “Stadtentwicklungsverband Ulm / Neu-Ulm”. The marketing of the industrial areas is furthermore embedded in the inter-municipal association “Stadtentwicklungsverband Ulm / Neu-Ulm” which facilitates the cooperative promotion of trade by the neighbouring cities located in the two states of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg.

 

Project chronology

Image: Grünzug

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm – FB 3 / Stadtplanung

Year Event
1991 Departure of the US army
1993 Structural concept US sites
1994 Land purchase by Neu-Ulm council
1994 Urban design ideas competition, detailed analyses
1994 to 1999 Model project in the EXHUD research field “Conversion – Creating Urban Planning Opportunities by Re-Dedicating Military Facilities” (Konversion – Städtebauliche Möglichkeiten durch Umwidmung militärischer Einrichtungen)
1994 to 1999 General development plan
1998 Technology and business start-up centre moves into the former military buildings in Wiley-South
2000 Completion of first construction stage Wiley-South with housing development
2000 Construction start Edison Centre as a high-tech location
2002 Completion of 1st construction stage of the service centre “Edison”, start of 2nd construction stage
2003 Agreement on relocating the technological high school Neu-Ulm to the Wiley site
2006 Construction start on technological high school for approximately 2.000 students scheduled for completion in 2008
 

Aims

Image: Wohnbebauung

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm – FB 3 / Stadtplanung

  • Recycling of a former military site
  • Allowing interim uses
  • Mixture of various types of housing, commercial and service operations, higher education facilities, social infrastructure and green spaces
  • Development of a high-tech and IT location
  • Economic handling of the property and real estate
 

Types of measures

Image: Wohnbebauung

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm – FB 3 / Stadtplanung

  • Structural concept
  • Urban design ideas competition
  • Public workshop
  • Outline plan
  • Legally binding land-use plans
  • Modernization and new construction
  • Small-scale parcelling
  • Compact architecture
 

Innovations

Image: Grünzug mit Fachhochschule

Source: Stadt Neu-Ulm – FB 3 / Stadtplanung

The former barracks areas are of a strategic importance for the development of the entire town. The redesign of the military site consequently called for a comprehensive approach to the planning and construction.

The basis for this was provided by the establishment of the special commission “US sites” through the council. The advantage being that the commission was able to decide on all the locally required issues. A high transparency and acceptance was achieved by early involvement of the public in the planning process. Public involvement continues to be a central instrument in rendering a project as complex as this acceptable on a broad level.

An essential success factor is the integratio n of the former barracks site in an overall area recycling strategy for the entire city.

Recycling meant that building on green land could be avoided in other locations and that the town could be rounded out in the south.

The integration of the project in a city-wide perspective, the area recycling and the extensive ecological orientation of the overall project deserve special mention as innovative elements of a sustainable urban development.

 

Sources

  • BBR (client), FIRU GmbH (contractor): Querauswertung von ExWoSt-Modellvorhaben zum Flächenrecycling, 2004 (Lateral Evaluation of EHUD Model Project for Area Recycling, 2004) (unpublished report)
  • Bundesministerium für Raumordnung, Bauwesen und Städtebau (Federal Ministry for Spatial Planning, Construction and Urban Development) (ed.); Forschungs- und Informations-Gesellschaft für Fach- und Rechtsfragen der Raum- und Umweltplanung mbH – FIRU (Research and Information Society for Expert and Legal Issues in Spatial and Environmental Planning)(ed.): Konversion – Stadtplanung auf Militärflächen (Conversion – Urban Planning on Military Sites), Bonn 1997
  • Planning office „Planungsbüro Kölz“,Abschlussbericht zum Modellvorhaben "Neu-Ulm Wiley-Kaserne" im ExWoSt-Forschungsfeld "Konversion – Städtebauliche Möglichkeiten durch Umwidmung militärischer Einrichtungen" (Final Report on the Model Project „Neu-Ulm Wiley Barracks" in the EXHUD Research Field „Conversion – Creating Urban Design Opportunities by Re-Dedicating Military Facilities), Neu-Ulm 1996
  • Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landeskunde und Raumordnung - BfLR (Federal Research Institute for Regional Studies and Environmental Planning) (ed.): ExWoSt-Informationen zum Forschungsfeld "Konversion" (EXHUD Information on the Research Field "Conversion") nr. 2, 1993
  • http://www.neu-ulm.de
  • http://www.stadtentwicklungsverband.ulm.de
 

Further information

  • Information is available locally from the information office „Informationsbüro Wiley”, PLZ 89231 Neu-Ulm, John- F. Kennedy-Str. 1; opening times: Thursdays from 2:00 pm – 6:00 pm, tel. 0731-9808993, or by appointment, tel: 0731-7050-556, Stadt Neu-Ulm, Fachbereich 3, Projektleitung Wiley (Neu-Ulm Council, department 3, Wiley project management)


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The projekt site ist to be found at postal code: 89231 - town: Neu-Ulm - street: John- F. Kennedy-Straße 1.

 

Protagonists

  • Neu-Ulm Council (Stadt Neu-Ulm), Postfach 2040, 89231 Neu-Ulm, Fachbereich 3, Stadtplanung (department 3, town planning), tel.: 0731 / 7050-3100, fax: 0731 / 7050-3199
 

Record inserted on 15.07.2005 by the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) within the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR).

Last update: 15.07.2014